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PERFORMANCE-BASED PLANNING AND PROGRAMMINGVIEW MORE TOPICS

Performance-Based Planning

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What is performance-based planning and programming?

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What is performance-based planning and programming?

Performance-based planning and programming (PBPP) is a strategic, data-driven approach to transportation decision-making that enables transportation planning agencies to efficiently allocate resources, maximize return on investments, and achieve desired performance outcomes while increasing accountability and transparency to the public.

PBPP is how State DOTs, MPOs, and transit providers implement Transportation Performance Management (TPM) within their transportation planning and programming processes to make investment and policy decisions to achieve national performance goals.

Through PBPP and TPM, State DOTs, MPOs, and transit providers use performance measures and targets to monitor achievement of national goals for safety, infrastructure condition, congestion reduction, system reliability, freight movement and economic vitality, environmental sustainability, and reduced project delivery delays.

PBPP and TPM are important because the way in which performance is defined and measured affects the types of projects and strategies that are advanced by decision-makers. Performance indicators can also demonstrate whether investments in transportation are linked to stated goals and achieving desired outcomes.

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How does performance-based planning and programming impact how transportation planners operate?

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How does performance-based planning and programming impact how transportation planners operate?

Planners should be aware that the May 2016 planning rule introduced new PBPP requirements for State DOTs and MPOs, including:

  • Developing jointly agreed upon specific written provisions;
  • Coordinating and establishing performance targets;
  • Integrating performance-based plans and processes;
  • Evaluating past condition and performance, documenting targets, and reporting progress; and
  • Linking investment priorities to targets and describing anticipated future target achievement.

FHWA and FTA encourage State DOTs, MPOs, and transit providers to consider the PBPP Guidebook as a resource for implementing a performance-based approach to transportation planning and programming and the new PBPP requirements. Shown in Figure 1 below, the PBPP Guidebook features an iterative decision-making framework for transportation planning agencies with four central questions:

  • Strategic Direction: Where do we want to go?
  • Analysis: How are we going to get there?
  • Programming: What will it take?
  • Implementation and Evaluation: How did we do?

Framework for PBPP

Figure 1. Framework for PBPP (Source: FHWA PBPP Guidebook, 2013)

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What are the federal requirements for performance-based planning and programming?

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What are the federal requirements for performance-based planning and programming?

The MAP-21 Act of 2012 was an important milestone for PBPP and TPM because the law directed the United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) to establish performance measures based on national goals for safety, infrastructure condition, congestion reduction, system reliability, freight movement and economic vitality, environmental sustainability, and reduced project delivery delays. Furthermore, MAP-21 required State DOTs, MPOs, and public transportation providers to establish performance targets for those performance measures to guide investments in projects that collectively make progress toward the achievement of the national goals.

The FAST Act of 2015 continued MAP-21’s overall performance management approach, and to guide national implementation, the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) and Federal Transit Administration (FTA) coordinated the following rulemakings:

Date Rulemaking Citation
April 2016 FHWA issues a final rule for performance measures on highway safety 23 CFR part 490
May 2016 FHWA and FTA jointly issue a final rule on statewide, metropolitan, and nonmetropolitan transportation planning 23 CFR part 450
July 2016 FTA issues a final rule for performance measures on transit asset management 49 CFR part 625
January 2017 FHWA issues final rules for performance measures on pavement condition, bridge condition, travel time reliability, freight reliability, traffic congestion, and on-road mobile source emissions 23 CFR part 490
July 2018 FTA issues a final rule for performance measures on public transportation safety 49 CFR part 673

The USDOT is committed to supporting effective implementation of PBPP and TPM. In July 2018, FHWA’s Office of Infrastructure published the TPM Implementation Plan to provide FHWA staff, State DOTs, MPOs, and other stakeholders with the information and resources necessary to achieve a performance-based transportation system. The TPM Implementation Plan articulates five key desired outcomes for national TPM implementation:

The TPM Implementation Plan Outcomes

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What additional resources are available to learn more about performance-based planning and programming?

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What additional resources are available to learn more about performance-based planning and programming?