PLANNING TOPICS

 
 

PUBLIC INVOLVEMENTVIEW MORE TOPICS

Public Involvement

show more

What is public participation?

show less

What is public participation?

Public participation (used interchangeably with public involvement) is an integral part of the transportation process, and helps to ensure that decisions are made in consideration of and to benefit public needs and preferences. Early and continuous public involvement brings diverse viewpoints and values into the decision-making process. Conducting meaningful public participation involves seeking public input at specific and key points in the decision-making process, where such input has a real potential to help shape the final decision or set of actions.

CHARACTERISTICS OF AN EFFECTIVE PUBLIC PARTICIPATION PROCESS

  • Clearly defined purpose and objectives
  • Proper identification of the public and affected stakeholder groups
  • Clear identification of techniques for engaging the public
  • Concerted effort to identify how future visions and goals of the community will affect transportation
  • Effective procedures for notifying groups of meetings, progress, and benchmarks
  • Methods and measures for evaluating whether a public involvement program is effective
  • Education techniques that lead to an accurate and full public understanding of transportation issues
  • Follow-through by the MPO to demonstrate that decision-makers fully considered public input
  • Feedback from the public on whether involvement process is effective

Source: Transportation Planning Process Briefing Book (2019)
show more

How does public participation impact the way transportation planners operate?

show less

How does public participation impact the way transportation planners operate?

Public involvement affects transportation planners early in the long-range planning process, through the project programming and project development phases of the transportation decision-making process. Effective public involvement allows transportation practitioners to access the public’s rich source of ideas and information, which allows for the early identification of opportunities and issues that may affect efficient project delivery. Planners should strive to employ an array of traditional and virtual public involvement techniques and strategies to broaden its engagement to all communities within a planning area. To ensure maximum effectiveness, planners should also routinely monitor the performance of their engagement techniques and strategies.

WHAT ROLE SHOULD DIFFERENT TRANSIT BODIES PLAY IN THE PUBLIC PARTICIPATION PROCESS?

MPOs STATE DOTs TRANSIT OPERATORS
  • Responsible for actively involving affected parties in an open, cooperative, and collaborative participation process
  • Provide meaningful opportunities to influence transportation decisions
  • Consider social, economic, and environmental consequences
  • Demonstrate to the public that transportation projects support land use plans and community values
  • Consult with interested parties to develop and document a Public Participation Plan (PPP)
  • Evaluate the effectiveness of the PPP
  • Document process for statewide engagement of public and stakeholder interests outside of metropolitan areas
  • May carry out public involvement process through, or in coordination with, RTPOs
  • Coordinate with MPOs to create effective public involvement processes
  • Work with MPOs to advocate for system improvements
  • Represent interests of traveling customers
  • If appropriate, and if proper public notice is provided, transit operators may rely on an MPO’s public engagement process to complement or satisfy their own requirements associated with changes in service or fare structure

Source: Transportation Planning Process Briefing Book (2019)

show more

What are the federal regulations for public participation?

show less

What are the federal regulations for public participation?

ACCESSIBLE LOCATIONS AND ACTIVITIES FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES

AIR QUALITY CONFORMITY PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT PROCEDURES (40 C.F.R. Part 93.105(e))

EARLY AND CONTINUOUS OPPORTUNITIES FOR PUBLIC ENGAGEMENT

ELECTRONICALLY PROVIDED INFORMATION (23 CFR 450.210(a)(vi))

ELECTRONICALLY PROVIDED INFORMATION (Federal Agencies) (Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Section 508)

LIMITED-ENGLISH-PROFICIENCY (Executive Order #13166)

PUBLIC INPUT ON PERFORMANCE-BASED PLANNING (23 U.S.C 135 (h)(1))

PUBLIC MEETINGS AND HEARINGS

  • Legal Requirement for Public hearings (23 USC § 128)
  • Regulations that ensure that public meetings are held at convenient and accessible locations and times (23 CFR450.210 and 450.316)
  • Regulation to provide public notice of NEPA-related hearings, public meetings, and the availability of environmental documents so as to inform those persons and agencies who may be interested or affected (CEQ Regulations 40 CFR 1506.6(b))

PUBLIC MEETINGS AND HEARINGS (Federal Agencies)

  • Sunshine Act: Federal requirements for announcing public meetings in an early and transparent manner (5 U.S.C. Section 552b)

PROHIBITING DISCRIMINATION

PUBLIC INTEREST (23 USC 109 (h))

PUBLIC RECORDS (The Freedom of Information Act (5 U.S.C. 552))

IMPROVING AGENCY DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION (Federal Agencies) (Executive Order 13392)

TRIBAL TRANSPORTATION INVOLVEMENT http://www.fhwa.dot.gov/tribal/references/)

FEDERAL TRANSIT ADMINISTRATION PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT PROCESS http://www.fta.dot.gov/15589.html

Regulations related to the use of VISUALIZATION TECHNIQUES to describe the proposed planning documents (23 CFR 450.210(a) and 450.316(a))

show more

What resources are available to learn more about Public Involvement?

show less

What resources are available to learn more about Public Involvement?