Research/Universities

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Title
Measuring the Effectiveness of Public Involvement in Transportation Planning and Project Development
This report provides a field-validated and practitioner-ready toolkit to measure the effectiveness of a transportation agency’s public involvement activities. The toolkit is designed to collect feedback from the public on several indicators of effectiveness and to compare that feedback with the agency’s own perceptions. The combined responses can then be used to calculate scores for each indicator and an overall effectiveness index. This allows for systematic comparison of the effectiveness of different public involvement strategies over time.
Incorporating Livability into Transportation Asset Management Practices through Bikeway Quality Networks
This paper, published by TRB, outlines a framework for integrating livability and transportation asset management practices. The paper introduces the Bikeway Quality Framework, which provides ideas for assessment, prioritization, scenarios, and reporting for improved bikeway quality. The authors also suggest performance measures for livable bikeways including: agency expenditures, level of non-motorized investment, bikeway pavement condition, bikeway pavement marking condition, and jobs created. The paper applies the framework with a real-world example in San Francisco, California.
Report Analyzes Safe Routes to Schools Health Effects
A new report from San Jose State University analyzes the active transportation health effects of the Safe Routes to Schools (SR2S) program. The research finds that SR2S methods are successful in improving health and increasing active transportation in the communities that implement them. The report also summarizes key resources that are currently available on the public health and active transportation outcomes of SR2S implementation.
Research Reconstructs Pedestrian Fatalities by Replacing Drivers with Automated Vehicles
This American Journal of Preventive Medicine open source article investigates automated vehicles' potential for reducing pedestrian fatalities by virtually reconstructing nearly 5,000 pedestrian fatalities with hypothetical scenarios that replace involved vehicles with automated versions equipped with state-of-the-art sensor technology. A result demonstrates that vehicle sensors’ abilities to detect pedestrians in advance of fatal collisions vary. See PBIC's Discussion Guide for Automated and Connected Vehicles, Pedestrians, and Bicyclists for more on detection and other key challenges related to AVs and pedestrians and bicyclists.
Report Considers Safety Attitudes Among Bicyclists
A new report published in the Journal of Safety Research connects individual bicycling crash histories with safety attitudes and perceptions among bicyclists. The research addresses gaps in bicycle safety data, and draws on survey data to capture bicyclist attitudes, safety perceptions, and individual bicycle crash histories. The report concludes that education of bicyclists about local bicycle laws and regulation is key to building cycling confidence, which may encourage people to start bicycling.
City Form Lab Releases Guide for Bicycle and Pedestrian Trip Monitoring
The Harvard Graduate School of Design’s City Form Lab has released a guide to tools for modeling pedestrian and bicycle trips in cities with the computer modeling program Rhinoceros 3D. The Urban Network Analysis Toolbox provides designers, planners, and others with the necessary tools to measure and predict flows of non-motorized transportation in cities.
TCRP Report: Public Transit and Bikesharing
Public Transit and Bikesharing explores cooperative transit and bikesharing relationships and documents the experiences of transit systems with bikesharing as a mode. An increasing number of transit agencies have developed cooperative arrangements with bikesharing programs to strengthen the relationship between the modes. The implementation and integration of bikesharing programs can sometimes present challenges to transit agencies. The synthesis identifies the current state of the practice, including challenges, lessons learned, and gaps in information.
Strategic Transit Automation Research Plan (January 2018)
The Strategic Transit Automation Research Plan outlines an FTA research agenda for transit bus automation over five years. The plan provides a framework for the transit industry to pursue transit bus automation in a safe, efficient, and economically sound manner. Built on stakeholder engagement, case analysis, and an extensive literature review, the plan defines activities in the areas of Enabling Research, Integrated Demonstrations, and Strategic Partnerships.
TRB’s Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2654
TRB’s Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2654 consists of 8 papers that explore transportation planning, including: -Evaluation of Vehicle Parking Queueing in a National Park: Case Study of the Laurance S. Rockefeller Preserve in Grand Teton National Park Megaregion Projections 2015 to 2045 with Transportation Policy Implications -Road User Education and Multimodal Planning: Can Capability Be Part of the Process? -Application of Environmental Justice Analysis in a Statewide Freight Plan Issues in Expanding the Denver Regional Activity-Based Model for Statewide Modeling in Colorado -Assessment of Regional Transit Accessibility in the San Francisco Bay Area of California with Urban Access -Examining Multimodal Transportation in the El Paso, Texas, Region: Regional Transportation Survey Results -Automated System to Prioritize Highway Improvement Locations and to Analyze Project Alternatives
TRB’s Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2653
TRB’s Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, No. 2653 consists of 11 papers that explore transportation planning, including: -Travel and the Built Environment: Insights Using Activity Densities, the Sprawl Index, and Neighborhood Types -Closing the Induced Vehicle Travel Gap Between Research and Practice Delays, Detours, and Diversions: Paths to Fully Executed Safe Routes to School Projects -Taxonomy of Shared Autonomous Vehicle Fleet Management Problems to Inform Future Transportation Mobility -UrbanAccess: Generalized Methodology for Measuring Regional Accessibility with an Integrated Pedestrian and Transit Network -Evidence-Based Transit and Land Use Sketch Planning Using Interactive Accessibility Methods on Combined Schedule and Headway-Based Networks -When the Tides Come, Where Will We Go? Modeling the Impacts of Sea Level Rise on the Greater Boston, Massachusetts, Transport and Land Use System -Incorporating Equity and Resiliency in Municipal Transportation Planning: Case Study of Mobility Hubs in Oakland, California -Integration of National Long-Distance Passenger Travel Demand Model with Tennessee Statewide Model and Calibration to Big Data -Transit Access Measure: Incorporating Walk and Drive Access -Impacts of Model Resolution on Transportation Network Criticality Rankings
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